This page is a translated version of the page Assert and the translation is 25% complete.

Assert is a PHP library that provides an alternative to PHP's assert() that allows for a simple and reliable way to check preconditions and postconditions in PHP code. It was proposed as a MediaWiki RFC, but is completely generic and can be used by any PHP program or library.


The Assert class provides several static methods for checking various kinds of assertions. The most common kind is to check the type of a parameter, typically in a constructor or a setter method:

use Wikimedia\Assert\Assert;

function setFoo( $foo ) {
    Assert::parameterType( 'integer', $foo, 'foo' );
    Assert::parameter( $foo > 0, 'foo', 'must be greater than 0' );

function __construct( $bar, array $bazz ) {
    Assert::parameterType( 'Me\MyApp\SomeClass', $bar );
    Assert::parameterElementType( 'int', $bazz );

Checking parameters, or other assertions such as pre- or postconditions, is not recommended for performance critical regions of the code, since evaluating expressions and calling the assertion functions costs time.