API:Geosearch/ru

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GET request to search for wiki pages near a location with geographic coordinates or page name.

This module is supported through the Extension:GeoData currently not installed on MediaWiki but Wikipedia. So, in this document, we will use the URL en.wikipedia.org in all API endpoints.

View the complete documentation and list of supported parameters here.

Example 1: Obtain coordinates

GET request

Obtain coordinates of Wikimedia Foundation headquarters by providing the article title:


Response

{
    "batchcomplete": "",
    "query": {
        "pages": {
            "18618509": {
                "pageid": 18618509,
                "ns": 0,
                "title": "Wikimedia Foundation",
                "coordinates": [
                    {
                        "lat": 37.7891838,
                        "lon": -122.4033522,
                        "primary": "",
                        "globe": "earth"
                    }
                ]
            }
        }
    }
}

Sample code

Python

#!/usr/bin/python3

"""
    geocoordinates.py

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Geosearch` module: Obtain coordinates for wiki pages nearby

    MIT License
"""

import requests

S = requests.Session()

URL = "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/api.php"

PARAMS = {
    "action": "query",
    "format": "json",
    "titles": "Wikimedia Foundation",
    "prop": "coordinates"
}

R = S.get(url=URL, params=PARAMS)
DATA = R.json()
PAGES = DATA['query']['pages']

for k, v in PAGES.items():
    print("Latitute: " + str(v['coordinates'][0]['lat']))
    print("Longitude: " + str(v['coordinates'][0]['lon']))

PHP

<?php
/*
    geocoordinates.php

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Geosearch` module: Obtain coordinates for wiki pages nearby

    MIT License
*/

$endPoint = "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/api.php";
$params = [
    "action" => "query",
    "prop" => "coordinates",
    "titles" => "Wikimedia Foundation",
    "format" => "json"
];

$url = $endPoint . "?" . http_build_query( $params );

$ch = curl_init( $url );
curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
$output = curl_exec( $ch );
curl_close( $ch );

$result = json_decode( $output, true );

foreach( $result["query"]["pages"] as $k => $v ) {
    echo("Latitute: " . $v["coordinates"][0]["lat"] . "\n" );
    echo("Longitude: " . $v["coordinates"][0]["lon"] . "\n" );
}

JavaScript

/*
    geocoordinates.js

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Geosearch` module: Obtain coordinates for wiki pages nearby

    MIT License
*/

var url = "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/api.php"; 

var params = {
    action: "query",
    prop: "coordinates",
    titles: "Wikimedia Foundation",
    format: "json"
};

url = url + "?origin=*";
Object.keys(params).forEach(function(key){url += "&" + key + "=" + params[key];});

fetch(url)
    .then(function(response){return response.json();})
    .then(function(response) {
        var pages = response.query.pages;
        for (var page in pages) {
            console.log("Latitute: " + pages[page].coordinates[0].lat);
            console.log("Longitude: " + pages[page].coordinates[0].lon);
        }
    })
    .catch(function(error){console.log(error);});

MediaWiki JS

/*
	geocoordinates.js

	MediaWiki API Demos
	Demo of `Geosearch` module: Obtain coordinates for wiki pages nearby

	MIT License
*/

var params = {
		action: 'query',
		prop: 'coordinates',
		titles: 'Wikimedia Foundation',
		format: 'json'
	},
	api = new mw.Api();

api.get( params ).done( function ( data ) {
	var pages = data.query.pages,
		page;
	for ( page in pages ) {
		console.log( 'Latitute: ' + pages[ page ].coordinates[ 0 ].lat );
		console.log( 'Longitude: ' + pages[ page ].coordinates[ 0 ].lon );
	}
} );

Example 2: Search for pages nearby

GET request

Search for pages near Wikimedia Foundation headquarters by specifying the geographic coordinates of its location:



Response

Response
{
    "batchcomplete": "",
    "query": {
        "geosearch": [
            {
                "pageid": 18618509,
                "ns": 0,
                "title": "Wikimedia Foundation",
                "lat": 37.7891838,
                "lon": -122.4033522,
                "dist": 0,
                "primary": ""
            },
            {
                "pageid": 42936625,
                "ns": 0,
                "title": "Foxcroft Building",
                "lat": 37.789166666667,
                "lon": -122.40333333333,
                "dist": 2.5,
                "primary": ""
            }
            ...
        ]
    }
}

Sample code

geosearch.py

Python

#!/usr/bin/python3

"""
    geosearch.py

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Geosearch` module: Search for wiki pages nearby

    MIT License
"""

import requests

S = requests.Session()

URL = "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/api.php"

PARAMS = {
    "format": "json",
    "list": "geosearch",
    "gscoord": "37.7891838|-122.4033522",
    "gslimit": "10",
    "gsradius": "10000",
    "action": "query"
}

R = S.get(url=URL, params=PARAMS)
DATA = R.json()

PLACES = DATA['query']['geosearch']

for place in PLACES:
    print(place['title'])

PHP

<?php
/*
    geosearch.php

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Geosearch` module: Search for wiki pages nearby

    MIT License
*/

$endPoint = "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/api.php";
$params = [
    "action" => "query",
    "list" => "geosearch",
    "gscoord" => "37.7891838|-122.4033522",
    "gsradius" => "10000",
    "gslimit" => "10",
    "format" => "json"
];

$url = $endPoint . "?" . http_build_query( $params );

$ch = curl_init( $url );
curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
$output = curl_exec( $ch );
curl_close( $ch );

$result = json_decode( $output, true );

foreach( $result["query"]["geosearch"] as $place ){
    echo( $place["title"] . "\n" );
}

JavaScript

/*
    geosearch.js

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Geosearch` module: Search for wiki pages nearby

    MIT License
*/

var url = "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/api.php"; 

var params = {
    action: "query",
    list: "geosearch",
    gscoord: "37.7891838|-122.4033522",
    gsradius: "10000",
    gslimit: "10",
    format: "json"
};

url = url + "?origin=*";
Object.keys(params).forEach(function(key){url += "&" + key + "=" + params[key];});

fetch(url)
    .then(function(response){return response.json();})
    .then(function(response) {
        var pages = response.query.geosearch;
        for (var place in pages) {
            console.log(pages[place].title);
        }
    })
    .catch(function(error){console.log(error);});

MediaWiki JS

/*
	geosearch.js

	MediaWiki API Demos
	Demo of `Geosearch` module: Search for wiki pages nearby

	MIT License
*/

var params = {
		action: 'query',
		list: 'geosearch',
		gscoord: '37.7891838|-122.4033522',
		gsradius: '10000',
		gslimit: '10',
		format: 'json'
	},
	api = new mw.Api();

api.get( params ).done( function ( data ) {
	var pages = data.query.geosearch,
		place;
	for ( place in pages ) {
		console.log( pages[ place ].title );
	}
} );

Example 3: Search for pages nearby with images

GET request

As an enhancement to Example 2, here we use the Generator module to get search results for pages near Wikimedia Foundation headquarters with images. Parameters passed along with a generator must be prefixed with a g. Note that in the query below, we've changed gscoord to ggscoord.



Response

Response
{
    "batchcomplete": "",
    "query": {
        "pages": {
            "2608926": {
                "pageid": 2608926,
                "ns": 0,
                "title": "San Francisco Mechanics' Institute",
                "index": 0,
                "coordinates": [
                    {
                        "lat": 37.788844,
                        "lon": -122.403042,
                        "primary": "",
                        "globe": "earth"
                    }
                ],
                "thumbnail": {
                    "source": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/7e/MechanicsInstituteSanFrancisco.jpg/32px-MechanicsInstituteSanFrancisco.jpg",
                    "width": 32,
                    "height": 50
                },
                "pageimage": "MechanicsInstituteSanFrancisco.jpg"
            },
      }
}

Sample code

geoimagesearch.py

Python

#!/usr/bin/python3

"""
    geoimagesearch.py

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Geosearch` module: Use generator module
	to get search results for pages near Wikimedia HQ
	with images

    MIT License
"""

import requests

S = requests.Session()

URL = "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/api.php"

PARAMS = {
    "action": "query",
    "format": "json",
    "ggscoord": "37.7891838|-122.4033522",
    "generator": "geosearch",
    "prop": "coordinates|pageimages"
}

R = S.get(url=URL, params=PARAMS)
DATA = R.json()

PLACES = DATA['query']['pages']

for k, v in PLACES.items():
    print(str(v['title']) + ": " + str(v['thumbnail']['source']))

PHP

<?php
/*
    geoimagesearch.php

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Geosearch` module: Use generator module
	to get search results for pages near Wikimedia HQ
	with images

    MIT License
*/

$endPoint = "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/api.php";
$params = [
    "action" => "query",
    "generator" => "geosearch",
    "prop" => "coordinates|pageimages",
    "ggscoord" => "37.7891838|-122.4033522",
    "format" => "json"
];

$url = $endPoint . "?" . http_build_query( $params );

$ch = curl_init( $url );
curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
$output = curl_exec( $ch );
curl_close( $ch );

$result = json_decode( $output, true );

foreach( $result["query"]["pages"] as $k => $v ) {
    echo( $v["title"] . ": " . $v["thumbnail"]["source"] . "\n" );
}

JavaScript

/*
    geoimagesearch.js

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Geosearch` module: Use generator module
	to get search results for pages near Wikimedia HQ
	with images

    MIT License
*/

var url = "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/api.php"; 

var params = {
    action: "query",
    generator: "geosearch",
    prop: "coordinates|pageimages",
    ggscoord: "37.7891838|-122.4033522",
    format: "json"
};

url = url + "?origin=*";
Object.keys(params).forEach(function(key){url += "&" + key + "=" + params[key];});

fetch(url)
    .then(function(response){return response.json();})
    .then(function(response) {
        var pages = response.query.pages;
        for (var page in pages) {
            console.log(pages[page].title + ": " + pages[page].thumbnail.source);
        }
    })
    .catch(function(error){console.log(error);});

MediaWiki JS

/*
	geoimagesearch.js

	MediaWiki API Demos
	Demo of `Geosearch` module: Use generator module
	to get search results for pages near Wikimedia HQ
	with images

	MIT License
*/

var params = {
		action: 'query',
		generator: 'geosearch',
		prop: 'coordinates|pageimages',
		ggscoord: '37.7891838|-122.4033522',
		format: 'json'
	},
	api = new mw.Api();

api.get( params ).done( function ( data ) {
	var pages = data.query.pages,
		page;
	for ( page in pages ) {
		console.log( pages[ page ].title + ': ' + pages[ page ].thumbnail.source );
	}
} );

Demo app(s)

  • Special:Nearby on English Wikipedia shows articles of places around you
    Screenshot of Wikipedia iOS app - shows places around Wikimedia Foundation HQ
  • Wikipedia Mobile Apps use this API to show nearby locations. API usage can be seen in the source code of Android and iOS app
  • Nearby is an app for the Pebble smart watch that fetches Wikipedia articles near you.

Possible errors

Code Info
badcoord Предоставлены неверные координаты

Additional notes

  • This module is supported through the Extension:GeoData , currently installed on Wikimedia Commons, all Wikipedias, all Wikivoyage sites, and some other wikis. You can use Special:Version of a wiki to check if the extension is listed there.
  • In addition to using the API as to ask for a page coordinates (as explained in Example 1), here are a few more ways to obtaining them:
    • If you want your user's current location, it's available through many OS-specific APIs. Recent browsers have an opt-in navigator.geolocation object. See MDN docs.
    • If you want the user to provide coordinates, there are various services that let the user pick from a map. See w:Wikipedia:Obtaining geographic coordinates.

См. также