Last modified on 25 January 2015, at 07:04


This page is a translated version of the page Help:VisualEditor/User guide and the translation is 25% complete.

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If you would like to try VisualEditor without editing an article, here is a page where you can freely test it. You don't need an account to use VisualEditor on that page.

Opening VisualEditorEdit

To edit a page using VisualEditor, click on the "Bearbeiten" tab at the top of the page.

Manchmal dauert es etwas, bis die Seite bearbeitet werden kann, besonders wenn die Seite sehr lang ist.

Clicking on the "Quelltext bearbeiten" tab will open the classic wikitext source editor.

VisualEditor - Edit tab-de.png

You can also open VisualEditor by clicking on the "Bearbeiten" link on each section.
VisualEditor - Section edit links-de.png

Getting started: the VisualEditor toolbarEdit

Screenshot of the VisualEditor toolbar
Die Werkzeugleiste erscheint ganz oben auf dem Bildschirm, wenn man mit VisualEditor bearbeitet. Die Leiste enthält einige bekannte Symbole:

VisualEditor - Toolbar - Undo-redo.png
Rückgängig machen and Wiederholen the changes you have made.

VisualEditor Toolbar Headings-de.png
Headings pull-down menu: allows you to change how the paragraph is formatted. To change the style of a paragraph, put your caret in the paragraph and select an item in this menu (you don't have to highlight any text). Section titles are formatted "Überschrift", and subsections are "Überschrift 2", "Überschrift 3", and so on. The normal format for text is "Absatz".

VisualEditor Toolbar Formatting-de.png

Formatting: Clicking the "A" opens a menu. For any item to have an effect, you must have first selected (highlighted) some text.

  • The "Fett" item (B) bolds the selected text.
  • The "Kursiv" item (I) italicizes the selected text.
  • The "Hochstellen" item (x2) causes the selected text to appear smaller than surrounding text and to be slightly higher than the surrounding text.
  • The "Tiefstellen" item (x2) causes the selected text to appear smaller than surrounding text and slightly lower than the surrounding text.
  • The "Durchstreichen" item (S) adds a solid bar through the selected text.
  • The "Computercode" item (a set of curly brackets: {}) changes the font of the selected text to a monospaced font, which sets it apart from surrounding (proportionally spaced) text.
  • The "Unterstreichen" item (U) adds a solid line beneath the selected text.
  • The "Sprache" item (Aあ) allows you to label the language (for example, Japanese) and direction (for example, right-to-left) of the selected text.
  • The final item (VisualEditor MediaWiki theme clear icon bitmap.png), called "Gestaltung entfernen", removes all character formatting from the selected text, including links

VisualEditor - Toolbar - Linking.png
Linking tool: The chain is the linking tool. Clicking on it (usually after selecting some text) opens the link dialog.

VisualEditor - Cite Pulldown.png
Zitat menu: The "Zitat" menu is used to add inline citations (also called "footnotes" or "references"). All projects have access to "Einfach" reference formatting and the ability to "Weiterverwenden" citations, using this menu. This menu also gives you quick access to local citation templates, if these are enabled on your wiki.

(Instructions for adding local citation templates to the Zitat menu at a specific wiki are available at VisualEditor/Citation tool.)

VisualEditor Toolbar Lists and indentation-de.png
Lists & indentation: The first two items allow you to format text as either a "Aufzählungszeichen" or a "Nummerierte Liste". The last two items allow you to decrease or increase the indentation level of list items.

VisualEditor Insert Menu-de.png
Einfügen: The "Einfügen" menu may be different on some projects. Below is a list of all options that may appear.
  • The "Medien" icon (a picture of mountains) opens the media dialog.
  • The "Galerie" icon (a set of photos) allows you to insert a gallery to the page.
  • The "Vorlage" icon (a puzzle piece) allows you to edit templates.
  • The "Kommentar" item (a speech balloon) allows you to insert comments that are not visible to readers; these comments can be seen only when in edit mode.
  • The "Formel" icon (Σ) opens the formula inserter dialog.
  • The "Einzelnachweisliste" icon (three books) opens a dialog in which you can specify where will references be displayed to the reader. Usually this only needs to be done once on every page.
  • The "Hieroglyphen" icon (an ankh symbol - ☥) allows you to enter the hieroglyphics inserter. (See below.)
  • The "Sonderzeichen" icon (Ω) allows you to insert some special characters. (See immediately below.)

VisualEditor Toolbar SpecialCharacters-de.png
Special character insertion: The "Sonderzeichen" icon on the "Einfügen" menu, when clicked, displays a dialog showing many special characters. By clicking on a specific character, you place it into the text. These special characters include some standard symbols, accents, and mathematical symbols. (This list may be customized locally. See VisualEditor/Special characters for instructions.)

VisualEditor cancel save-de.png
The Seitenoptionen menu is to the left of the Seite speichern button. On this menu there are options to adjust page settings, such as whether the page is a redirect, or how it is indexed; to add, edit, or delete categories; and to see, using the "Sprache" item, the list of articles on the same subject that are in other languages. You can also switch (one-way only) from VisualEditor to the classic wikitext source editor without losing the editing work you've done.

Saving changesEdit

When you're done editing, click the green "Seite speichern" button in the toolbar. (If you have made no changes, the green button will be greyed out - not usable.) To cancel all your editing changes, just close your browser window.
VisualEditor cancel save-de.png

Pressing the green "Seite speichern" button opens a dialog. You can then enter a brief summary of your actions, mark your edit as minor, and add the page to your Beobachtungsliste. The box for the summary is the equivalent of the Zusammenfassung: field in the wikitext editor.

You can also review your changes using the "Überprüfe deine Änderungen" button to be sure they will work as intended before saving your changes. This is similar to the "Änderungen zeigen" button in the wikitext editor.

The "Abbrechen" button returns you to the page you were editing. You can save all of your changes later.

VisualEditor save dialog-de.png

Editing linksEdit

VisualEditor - Toolbar - Linking.png
Links can be added through the "Link" icon (links in a chain) in the toolbar, or by using the shortcut  Ctrl+K (or  Command+K on a Mac).

If you select (highlight) text and then press the "Link" button, a link will be inserted using that text. For single-word links it's enough to just do it while the caret is on that word.

VisualEditor - Link editing inline 2.png
Egal ob du die Schaltfläche oder die Tastenkombination genutzt hast, wird sich ein Dialog öffnen, in den du den Link eingeben kannst. Der VisualEditor wird versuchen, dich bei internen Links (Links zu anderen Seiten auf Wikipedia) zu unterstützen, indem er beim Tippen nach möglichen Übereinstimmungen sucht.

VisualEditor will try to help with internal links by looking for likely matches as you begin to type.

VisualEditor - Link editing inline box.png
Once you have entered or selected the link, you complete the linking process by pressing  Enter, pressing the "Fertig" button, or just clicking outside of the box. Your link will immediately appear on the VisualEditor page, but it will not be saved until you save the entire page.

VisualEditor - External link.png
To link to a web page on another website, the process is the similar: you enter a URL in the box, and it will be added as an "Weblink".

External links without labels look like this: [1]. You can add these by placing your cursor away from any word (e.g., after a space). Open the link tool by clicking on the button or pressing the shortcut keys. Type the URL in the box, and click the "Fertig" button to insert the link.

VisualEditor - Link editing inline.png
To change or remove an existing link, click within the text for that link, then press the "Link" icon that appears near it. The dialog will appear, for editing. (You can also get to the dialog with the  Ctrl+K keyboard shortcut.)

In the dialog, you can then change where the link goes. You can also remove the link altogether by pressing the "Entfernen" button in the lower left corner of the dialog. You can also open the link's target in another window by clicking on the "Öffnen" button. (You might want do this to check if an external link is valid.)

Editing referencesEdit

Einen bestehenden Einzelnachweis bearbeitenEdit

VisualEditor - Editing references 1.png
To edit an existing reference, click on it where it appears in the text (usually as a bracketed number). You will see either a "Einfach" icon (bookmark) or an icon (and name) for the template that was used to create this reference. Clicking on this icon will open a dialog where you can edit the reference.

VisualEditor - Editing references 6.png
If what appears is the "Einfach" icon, clicking on it opens the Reference dialog, where you can edit the reference's contents.

Many wikis use templates to format references. If a template is used in your reference, then all the text in the template will be highlighted when you click on the reference information.

If a template was used and you've clicked on information in that template, then the Vorlage icon (puzzle piece) will appear. Click on that icon to edit the content of the template in the template mini-editor dialog.

VisualEditor - Editing References - Cite Web.png
If, instead of the "Einfach" icon (bookmark), what appears when you click on a reference is an icon for a standard template for citations, clicking on that icon will take you directly to the template mini-editor dialog.

VisualEditor - Editing references 5.png
Inside the template mini-editor, you can add or remove types of information or change current content. Only fields (template parameters) that have content are supposed to be shown initially. To add fields, click on "Weitere Informationen hinzufügen" at the bottom of the mini-editor.

VisualEditor - Apply changes-de.png
Click on "Änderungen speichern" when you're done.

Re-using an existing referenceEdit

VisualEditor Cite menu re-use.png
Wenn die Seite bereits Einzelnachweise enthält und einige davon zum Textabschnitt passen, kannst du diese erneut verwenden.

Um einen Einzelnachweis mehrmals zu benutzen, musst du den Cursor an der gewünschten Stelle platzieren und auf das Einzelnachweis-Symbol in der Werkzeugleiste klicken.

VisualEditor - Editing references 18.png
In the Einzelnachweis dialog, look at the list for the reference you want to reuse, and select it. If there are many references, you can use the search box (labeled "Was willst du referenzieren?") to list only those references that include certain text.

Adding a new referenceEdit

VisualEditor references more.png
To add a citation using the "Zitat" menu, place your cursor where you want to add it in the text. Then select the appropriate citation type in the menu.

Using the "Basic" citationEdit

VisualEditor - Editing references 20.png
Im Einzelnachweiseditor kannst du den Einzelnachweistext hinzufügen, bearbeiten und formatieren.

You can make the reference belong to a given group, although normally this is left blank. (This option is used to display groups of references with the "Einzelnachweisliste" tool.)

VisualEditor Template Insert Menu-de.png
Wenn du einen neuen Einzelnachweis hinzufügst und dabei Vorlagen verwenden möchtest, musst du das Vorlagen-Symbol in der Werkzeugleiste des Referenzen-Editors anklicken.

VisualEditor - Editing references 9.png
Then, look for the template you want to use, add it and edit it as you would any other template. (See the Editing templates section, below, if you need more information about templates.)

After you're done editing your new template, click on "Änderungen speichern" to return to the Reference editor, and "Änderungen speichern" again to return to the page you're editing.

VisualEditor Reference List Insert Menu-de.png
Wenn noch keine Einzelnachweisliste auf der Seite vorhanden ist (beispielsweise, wenn du den ersten Einzelnachweis hinzufügst), musst du sie ergänzen, damit deine Einzelnachweise angezeigt werden.

Place the cursor where you want to display the references list (usually at the bottom of the page), open the "Einfügen" menu and click the "Einzelnachweisliste" icon (three books).

VisualEditor - Editing references 11.png
If you are using several groups of references, which is relatively rare, you can specify the group in this dialog. Only the references that belong to that group will be displayed here.

The final step in the References list dialog is to click "Einfügen".

Using standard cite templatesEdit

VisualEditor - Editing References - Cite Pulldown.png
Your local wiki may have added extra citation templates to this menu. This offers quick access to the most-used citation templates. (Instructions for adding extra citation templates to your local wiki are available at VisualEditor/Citation tool.)

VisualEditor - Editing references - Cite book required fields.png
Clicking on a template icon such as "Cite book" will take you into the template mini-editor for that template. Important information fields may be marked with an asterisk. While the most common fields will be shown, not all of them are required.

VisualEditor - Editing references - Add parameter.png
To add more parameters, scroll down in the template mini-editor and click on the "Weitere Informationen hinzufügen" option.

Click on "Einfügen" when you're done.

Editing images and other media filesEdit

Editing imagesEdit

Zum Hinzufügen eines Bildes (oder einer anderen Mediendatei) zur Seite musst du auf das "Medien"-Symbol in der Werkzeugleiste (ein Bild mit Bergen) klicken.
VisualEditor Media Insert Menu-de.png

Clicking the "Medien" icon opens a dialog that automatically searches Wikimedia Commons and your local wiki for media files related to the title of the page you're editing.

Durch das Ändern des Textes im Suchfeld kannst du nach anderen Mediadateien suchen.

Klicke auf ein Miniaturbild, um die Datei auszuwählen.

This places the image onto the page you are editing.

VisualEditor - Media editing 2.png

After the image you selected is inserted into the page, another dialog will open. This dialog allows you to add and edit the caption of the image. The caption can contain formatting and links.
VisualEditor - Media editing 6.png

The media dialog also allows you to add alternative text captions, to help users who use screen readers, or who have disabled image display.
Media editing 7.png

You can also set various parameters for the image in the "Erweiterte Einstellungen" window. These include the alignment, the type, and size of the image.
VisualEditor - Media editing 8.png

Wenn du mit dem Bearbeiten fertig bist, klicke auf "Änderungen speichern", um zum Seiteneditor zurückzukehren.
VisualEditor - Apply changes-de.png

For an existing image, you can add or edit a caption or other settings by clicking on the image, then clicking on the "Medien" icon that appears below the picture.

You can resize an existing image by clicking on it, then moving the resize icon (the two-headed arrow on the bottom left).

You can also drag and drop an image to a place higher or lower on the page.

VisualEditor - Media editing 3.png

Editing media galleriesEdit

To edit an existing gallery in VisualEditor, click that gallery. Then, near the bottom of the gallery, click the gallery icon (a set of photos). This brings up the gallery editor, with the full list of images included in the gallery.
VisualEditor - Gallery2.png
The gallery editor is currently a simple box that allows you to edit existing galleries using wikitext markup. To add a new image to an existing gallery, type the file name, followed by a bar (|) and the caption for that image. You must put each image in the gallery on its own line. You can also edit this list to remove or rearrange images or to change captions.

When you click the "Fertig" button, you will exit the gallery editor. You should then see your changes, with the gallery as it will now appear to readers.

Remember that exiting the gallery editor does not save your changes. As with other changes made using VisualEditor, you must save the entire page in order to save your work.

VisualEditor - Gallery3.png

Editing templatesEdit

To add a new template to the page, place your cursor where you want the template to be inserted, and click on the "Vorlage" icon (puzzle piece) in the "Einfügen" menu.
VisualEditor Template Insert Menu-de.png

Type the name of the template you want to insert. When you see it on the list, click on its name. Then click "Vorlage hinzufügen".
VisualEditor - Template editing 4.png

You can also edit templates that are already on the page by selecting them (they turn blue), and clicking on the "Vorlage" icon (puzzle piece) that appears.
VisualEditor - Template editing 1.png

Adding a new template or opening an existing one opens the "Vorlageneinbindung" dialog. If the template has have been updated to contain TemplateData information, then the dialog will show a list of individual parameters; otherwise, a link to the documentation will be available in the dialog.
VisualEditor - Template editing 2.png

For an existing template, you edit the parameters already listed, and you can add additional parameters by clicking "Weitere Informationen hinzufügen", at the very bottom of the dialog.
VisualEditor - Template editing 3.png

Wenn eine Vorlage andere Vorlagen beinhaltet, dann werden diese eingebetteten Vorlagen als Parameter angezeigt. Diese können entfernt und bearbeitet werden, indem ihre Namen angeklickt werden.

Neue eingebettete Vorlagen können hinzugefügt werden, indem den Schritten zur Hinzufügung von Parametern gefolt wird. Möglicherweise musst du die Vorlagenbeschreibung überprüfen, um herauszufinden ob die eingebettete Vorlage unterstützt wird.

VisualEditor - Template editing 5.png

Wenn du mit dem Bearbeiten fertig bist, klicke auf "Änderungen speichern", um zum Seiteneditor zurückzukehren.
VisualEditor - Apply changes-de.png

Substituting templatesEdit

Wenn eine Vorlage substituiert werden muss, füge subst: (inklusive Doppelpunkt) vor den Vorlagennamen ein.

Die Autovervollständigung funktioniert nicht mit subst:; Wenn du Funktion benutzten möchtest, füge subst: erst ein, nachdem du die gesuchte Vorlage gefunden hast.

Then, click the green "Vorlage hinzufügen" button.

VisualEditor - Template editing 7.png

Add any parameters as usual and "Änderungen speichern".
VisualEditor - Template editing 6.png

In dieser ersten Phase wird dir die Vorlage nicht als seitenfüllend angezeigt.
VisualEditor - Template editing 8.png

Editing tablesEdit

You can use VisualEditor to insert and change tables. This is a new feature, and the details will be changing rapidly.

VisualEditor table editing add and remove columns.png
You can add and remove columns and rows.

Double-click inside a cell to add or change the contents.

Editing categoriesEdit

VisualEditor Categories.png
To edit categories, on the "Seitenoptionen" menu, click the "Kategorien" button.

VisualEditor - Category editing 1.png
The "Kategorien" button opens a dialog that lists existing categories and allows you to add new ones.

You have the option of setting or changing the general (default) sorting key, which used to determine where the page appears when listed with other pages in the same category.

For example, the default sorting key for the article "George Washington" is "Washington, George", and so in the category "Presidents of the United States", the article is listed under the letter "W", not the letter "G".

VisualEditor - Category editing 3.png
To add a category for a page, type the name of the category into the field "Eine Kategorie hinzufügen". As you type, VisualEditor will search for possible matching, existing categories. You can either select an existing category, or you can add a category that doesn't yet have its own category page. (Until that category page is created, your new category will show as a red link after you save all your editing changes.)

VisualEditor - Category editing 2.png
To remove an existing category, click on it and click on the "Entfernen" icon (trash can) in the dialog that opens.

Clicking on a category also allows you to specify a sorting key for that specific category. Such a sorting key overrides the default sorting key.

VisualEditor - Apply changes-de.png
Click "Änderungen speichern" when you're done editing categories to return to the page editor.

Editing page settingsEdit

VisualEditor - Page Settings menu.png
To edit a page's settings, click to open the "Seitenoptionen" menu, in the toolbar, and select the "Seiteneinstellungen" button.

VisualEditor Page Settings-de.png
The "Seiteneinstellungen" button opens a dialog that shows several options.

VisualEditor Page Settings Redirects-de.png
You can make a page a redirect to another page by checking the "Diese Seite weiterleiten nach" checkbox, and then typing the name of the page to which you want to send the reader who tries to go to the page that you're editing.

At the bottom is the option to prevent page renames from updating this redirect. This is very rarely used.

File:VisualEditor Page Settings TOC-de.png You can change whether the page shows a Table of Contents by selecting one of these three buttons. The default option is "Falls nötig", which shows a Table of Contents if there are three or more headings.

VisualEditor - Page Settings Edit Links.png
You can make a page not show edit links next to each section header by checking this checkbox.

VisualEditor Apply Changes-de.png
Click "Änderungen speichern" when you're done editing the Seitenoptionen to return to the page editor.

Editing mathematical formulaeEdit

To add a new mathematical formula to the page, place your cursor where you want it to be inserted, and click on the "Formel" icon ("Σ") in the "Einfügen" menu on the toolbar.
VisualEditor Formula Insert Menu-de.png

A window will open in which you can type the formula, using LaTeX syntax. VisualEditor will update the formula as you type it, so you can see how it will look as you make changes. Once you are happy with the formula, click the "Fertig" button.
VisualEditor formula-de.png

To edit an existing mathematical formula on the page, click on it and then click on the "Σ" icon that appears. This will open up the formula window, where you make changes.
VisualEditor - editing existing mathematical formula.png

Editing poems and other special itemsEdit

Some items, such as poems and musical scores, are not yet supported by VisualEditor. Until they are, you will need to edit the source wikitext directly if you want to add these or change these.

Keyboard shortcutsEdit

Many editors are used to entering wikitext directly, especially bold, italics and wikilinks. Keyboard shortcuts allow to quickly insert similar formatting without having to use toolbar items. Here are the common general shortcuts in VisualEditor:

Tastenkombination (PC) Funktion Tastenkombination (Mac)

 Ctrl+B Fett  Cmd+B

 Ctrl+I Kursiv  Cmd+I

 Ctrl+K Link einfügen  Cmd+K

 Ctrl+X Ausschneiden  Cmd+X

 Ctrl+C Kopieren  Cmd+C

 Ctrl+V Einfügen  Cmd+V

 Ctrl+Z Rückgängig machen  Cmd+Z