Help:Namespaces

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Les pages d’un wiki MediaWiki sont regroupées en collections appelées espaces de noms, qui permettent de les différencier facilement selon leur rôle au sein du wiki. De plus, les pages de certains espaces de noms peuvent posséder des fonctionnalités spéciales.

L’espace de noms auquel appartient une page se retrouve dans la première partie de son titre, séparé du nom de la page par « : ». Par exemple, l’espace de noms de cette page d’aide est « Help ». Chaque espace de noms possède un numéro, un nom prédéfini (pouvant être traduit), et d’éventuels alias.

A page whose name is not prefixed by a namespace lies in the mainspace. Note, however, that colons and prefixes can also appear in page titles without indicating a namespace: the page Foo:Namespaces/fr is a page located in the mainspace because the namespace "Foo" does not exist. Similarly the page Help:Foo:Namespaces/fr is in the "Help" namespace.

Espaces de nom standardsEdit

L’installation standard de MediaWiki possède 16 espaces de noms pouvant contenir des données éditables, ainsi que deux spéciaux dont les pages sont générées à la demande par le logiciel. Les 16 espaces de noms ordinaires sont organisés en paires : sujet et discussion ; ils sont numérotés à partir de zéro, avec les sujets possédant un numéro pair et les discussions un numéro impair.

MediaEdit

Utilisez cet espace de noms pour lier directement au fichier et non à sa page de description.

SpécialEdit

This namespace is used to group special pages, reports and interfaces that are generated "on demand" by MediaWiki and that are not directly editable. It is not possible to create pages in this namespace except by modifying or extending the MediaWiki software.

(Main)Edit

The namespace that has no prefix separated by a colon. Commonly called the "main namespace" or "mainspace". This namespace typically contains the bulk of the content pages in a wiki. This namespace generally has no special properties.

DiscussionEdit

Chaque page a une page de discussion. Elle peut être utilisée pour discuter du contenu de la page principale, ou pour des informations complémentaires.

UtilisateurEdit

Pour des informations personnelles sur les utilisateurs. Chaque utilisateur a une page à sa disposition et il peut aussi créer des sous-pages en ajoutant un / après le nom de la page principale.

This page, and subpages of it, can be used by users to record information about themselves or to test and draft new content. Pages of the form "User:UserName/Foo.js" or "User:UserName/Foo.css" can only be edited by the user themselves or by administrators.

Discussion utilisateurEdit

La page de discussions propre à chaque utilisateur. Si cette page est modifiée, la prochaine fois qu'un utilisateur charge une page, il sera affiché un bandeau lui indiquant qu'il a de nouveaux messages.

This notice continues to appear until the user loads their user talk page to read the message.

ProjectEdit

Informations à propos du site, par exemple, les règles à respecter. Cet espace de noms varie en fonction du nom du site.

Project talkEdit

This is a talk namespace that is normally used for discussions related to the associated project pages. It has no special properties.

FichierEdit

Wiki.png

The File namespace is used to store metadata for images, videos, sound files and other media accessed via the Media namespace. Each file has a corresponding page in the File namespace, which is often used to hold licensing data. Linking directly to a page in this namespace instead includes the media file inline in the page: [[File:Wiki.png|right]] produces the image to the right. See Help:Images for more details of this link syntax.

To create an internal link to the file page, you need to add a colon to the front of the namespace: [[:File:Wiki.png|right]] produces File:Wiki.png. The standard MediaWiki installation has alias "Image" for File namespace - See Namespace aliases.

For linking media files directly, bypassing the description page, see Media namespace.

Discussion fichierEdit

This is a talk namespace that is normally used for discussions related to the associated media files. It has no special properties.

MediaWikiEdit

Utilisez cet espace de noms pour modifier les messages du wiki, Voir Help:System message sur meta (en anglais).

Discussion MediaWikiEdit

This is a talk namespace that is normally used for discussions related to the associated system messages. It has no special properties.

ModèleEdit

The Template namespace is used to hold templates, blocks of text or wikicode that are intended to be transcluded into several other pages. To facilitate this it has the special property that it is the default namespace for transclusions: the wikicode {{Foo}} is equivalent to {{Template:Foo}}.

Discussion modèleEdit

This is a talk namespace that is normally used for discussions related to the associated template pages. It has no special properties.

AideEdit

Documentation sur l'utilisation du logiciel. Elles peuvent être incluses dans d'autres sites ou être écrites localement.

Discussion aideEdit

This is a talk namespace that is normally used for discussions related to the associated help pages. It has no special properties.

CatégorieEdit

The Category namespace contains categories, dynamic lists of other pages. To facilitate this, linking directly to a category page does not output an inline link, but instead includes the page into the associated category page. So the code [[Category:Help]] causes a category link to appear at the bottom of the page (at the bottom in the box marked "Category"). Clicking on that link takes you to the category page, where this page is visible in the category list.

To create an inline link to a category page, you need to add a colon to the front of the namespace: [[:Category:Help]] produces Category:Help. See Help:Categories for more details on category link syntax.

Discussion catégorieEdit

This is a talk namespace that is normally used for discussions related to the associated category pages. It has no special properties.

LocalisationEdit

Namespace names and aliases can be localized in translatewiki.net, using the special page AdvancedTranslate. To get started, visit translatewiki:Special:FirstSteps.

Renaming namespacesEdit

Canonical name Localized name
Media Media
Special Special
(Main)
Talk Talk
User User
User talk User talk
Project Project
Project talk Project talk
File File
File talk File talk
MediaWiki MediaWiki
MediaWiki talk MediaWiki talk
Template Template
Template talk Template talk
Help Help
Help talk Help talk
Category Category
Category talk Category talk

Namespace names can be translated into languages other than English and individual namespaces can be renamed, as set by a wiki's system admins. These names are known as the 'localized' namespace names. However, all namespaces have a 'canonical name', the original English name which will work on any installation of MediaWiki. So linking to User:Foo will always locate the user page for the user foo, whether the wiki is in French (where the localized name would be Utilisateur:Foo), Russian (Участник:Foo), or Hindi (सदस्य:Foo).

The canonical namespace names are given in the table to the right along with their localized names on this wiki.

Namespace aliasesEdit

On some wikis there are also namespace aliases: alternative names that will also be resolved to the localised names. For instance, a wiki might define "T" as an alias for Template, such that typing T:Foo is equivalent to Template:Foo, saving a few characters and seconds. An actual example would be on the English Wikipedia, where "WP" is an alias for Project, which is the namespace "Wikipedia".

By default, "Image" is an alias for File, so [[Image:Wiki.png]] is equivalent to [[File:Wiki.png]].

Espaces de noms supplémentairesEdit

Voir (en)Manual:Using custom namespaces pour plus d’informations.

Selon l’organisation du wiki, les espaces de noms standards peuvent ne pas suffire ; il est ainsi possible de définir des espaces de noms supplémentaires, qui fonctionneront de la même manière que les autres. On leur attribuera en général un numéro supérieur ou égal à 100.

Identifying namespacesEdit

There are a number of ways by which the namespace of a particular page can be identified:

Magic words

The magic word {{NAMESPACE}} returns the value of the namespace the page is in.

JavaScript

The JavaScript variable wgCanonicalNamespace contains the full namespace name. The variable wgNamespaceNumber contains the numerical index of the namespace.

CSS

The <body> tag of the HTML page output is given two CSS classes that vary by namespace: A class ns-#, where # is the index of the namespace, and ns-XXX, where XXX is "subject" for all subject namespaces, "special" for pages in the Special namespace, and "talk" for talk namespaces. So CSS code such as the following can be used to change the appearance of an object based on its namespace:

.ns-subject a 
{   /* Almost all links on subject pages to be green. */
    color: #00FF00;
}
.ns-talk a 
{      /* Links on talk pages to be blue. */
    color: #0000FF;
}
.ns-3 a 
{         /* and links on user talk pages to be red */
    color: #FF0000;
}
API

You can get a complete list of all the namespaces used on this wiki from the API:

http://www.mediawiki.org/w/api.php?action=query&meta=siteinfo&siprop=namespaces

See alsoEdit

This page is a translated version of a page Help:Namespaces and the translation is 42% complete.

Last modified on 10 March 2014, at 23:29