Last modified on 28 June 2014, at 12:09

Help:Namespaces

This page is a translated version of the page Help:Namespaces and the translation is 26% complete.

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Pages on a MediaWiki wiki are grouped into collections called "namespaces", which differentiate between the purpose of the pages at a high level. Pages in certain namespaces can also have special properties or behave differently when they interact with other pages.

Namespaces are indicated in page titles by prefixing the page name with "namespace:", so the prefix "Help:" in this page's title ("Help:Namespaces/fi") indicates that this page is in the Help namespace. Each namespace is identified by a number and a name, which can be translated and can also have some aliases.

Sivut joiden nimissä ei ole kaksoispistettä (:) ovat perusnimiavaruudessa. Tämä nimiavaruus on wikin tarkoitettua aihetta käsitteleviä sisältösivuja varten. Itse aiheeseen liittymättömät sivut on mahdollista lisätä toisiin nimiavaruuksiin. Kun sivut ovat toisessa nimiavaruudessa, niihin viitataan muodossa nimiavaruus:artikkeli eli esimerkiksi tämä sivu on Help:Namespaces/fi.

Standard namespacesEdit

The standard MediaWiki installation has sixteen namespaces that can contain user-generated content; there are also two special namespaces that contain pages created 'on the fly' by the MediaWiki software. The standard namespaces are organized in pairs, with each pair containing a "subject namespace" and a "discussion namespace". The namespaces are numbered from zero such that all subject namespaces have even indices and all talk namespaces have odd indices.

MediaEdit

Voidaan käyttää linkittämään suoraan tallennettuun tiedostoon.

ToiminnotEdit

This namespace is used to group special pages, reports and interfaces that are generated "on demand" by MediaWiki and that are not directly editable. It is not possible to create pages in this namespace except by modifying or extending the MediaWiki software.

(Main)Edit

The namespace that has no prefix separated by a colon. Commonly called the "main namespace" or "mainspace". This namespace typically contains the bulk of the content pages in a wiki. This namespace generally has no special properties.

KeskusteluEdit

The "Talk" namespace is the discussion namespace attached to the mainspace. It has no special properties.

KäyttäjäEdit

Tässä nimiavaruudessa ovat käyttäjien omat sivut, joihin he voivat laittaa tietoja itsestään ja omaa käyttöään varten. Jokaisella käyttäjällä on myös keskustelusivu, johon tehdyistä muutoksista he saavat ilmoituksen käyttäessään wikiä seuraavan kerran.

This page, and subpages of it, can be used by users to record information about themselves or to test and draft new content. Pages of the form "User:UserName/Foo.js" or "User:UserName/Foo.css" can only be edited by the user themselves or by administrators.

Keskustelu käyttäjästäEdit

This namespace is the talkspace associated with the User namespace. Pages in this namespace are mainly used to leave messages for particular users or inform them of discussions that may be of interest to them. To facilitate this, when a page User talk:UserName is edited, whenever the user "UserName" loads a page, a notice is displayed at the top of the page informing them of the edit:

This notice continues to appear until the user loads their user talk page to read the message.

ProjectEdit

Wikiin itseensä liittyvät sivut, kuten käytännöt, kuuluvat tähän nimiavaruuteen.

Project talkEdit

This is a talk namespace that is normally used for discussions related to the associated project pages. It has no special properties.

TiedostoEdit

Wiki.png

Kuva-nimiavaruus on tarkoitettu tallennettujen tiedostojen kuvauksille ja tiedoille. Tämän nimiavaruuden sivut luodaan automaattisesti, kun wikiin tallennetaan tiedosto.

To create an internal link to the file page, you need to add a colon to the front of the namespace: [[:File:Wiki.png|right]] produces File:Wiki.png. The standard MediaWiki installation has alias "Image" for File namespace - See Namespace aliases.

For linking media files directly, bypassing the description page, see Media namespace.

Keskustelu tiedostostaEdit

This is a talk namespace that is normally used for discussions related to the associated media files. It has no special properties.

MediaWikiEdit

Tässä nimiavaruudessa ovat Mediawiki-ohjelmiston järjestelmäviestit, joilla voidaan muokata sivupohjaa

MediaWiki talkEdit

This is a talk namespace that is normally used for discussions related to the associated system messages. It has no special properties.

MallineEdit

The Template namespace is used to hold templates, blocks of text or wikicode that are intended to be transcluded into several other pages. To facilitate this it has the special property that it is the default namespace for transclusions: the wikicode {{Foo}} is equivalent to {{Template:Foo}}.

Keskustelu mallineestaEdit

This is a talk namespace that is normally used for discussions related to the associated template pages. It has no special properties.

HelpEdit

Ohjeita MediaWikin käyttöön.

Help talkEdit

This is a talk namespace that is normally used for discussions related to the associated help pages. It has no special properties.

LuokkaEdit

The Category namespace contains categories, dynamic lists of other pages. To facilitate this, linking directly to a category page does not output an inline link, but instead includes the page into the associated category page. So the code [[Category:Help]] causes a category link to appear at the bottom of the page (at the bottom in the box marked "Categories"). Clicking on that link takes you to the category page, where this page is visible in the category list.

To create an inline link to a category page, you need to add a colon to the front of the namespace: [[:Category:Help]] produces Category:Help. See Help:Categories for more details on category link syntax.

Keskustelu luokastaEdit

This is a talk namespace that is normally used for discussions related to the associated category pages. It has no special properties.

LocalisationEdit

Namespace names and aliases can be localized in translatewiki.net, using the special page AdvancedTranslate. To get started, visit translatewiki:Special:FirstSteps.

Renaming namespacesEdit

Canonical name Localized name
Media Media
Special Special
(Main)
Talk Talk
User User
User talk User talk
Project Project
Project talk Project talk
File File
File talk File talk
MediaWiki MediaWiki
MediaWiki talk MediaWiki talk
Template Template
Template talk Template talk
Help Help
Help talk Help talk
Category Category
Category talk Category talk

Namespace names can be translated into languages other than English and individual namespaces can be renamed, as set by a wiki's system admins. These names are known as the 'localized' namespace names. However, all namespaces have a 'canonical name', the original English name which will work on any installation of MediaWiki. So linking to User:Foo will always locate the user page for the user foo, whether the wiki is in French (where the localized name would be Utilisateur:Foo), Russian (Участник:Foo), or Hindi (सदस्य:Foo).

The canonical namespace names are given in the table to the right along with their localized names on this wiki.

Namespace aliasesEdit

On some wikis there are also namespace aliases: alternative names that will also be resolved to the localised names. For instance, a wiki might define "T" as an alias for Template, such that typing T:Foo is equivalent to Template:Foo, saving a few characters and seconds. An actual example would be on the English Wikipedia, where "WP" is an alias for Project, which is the namespace "Wikipedia".

By default, "Image" is an alias for File, so [[Image:Wiki.png]] is equivalent to [[File:Wiki.png]].

Custom namespacesEdit

See Manual:Using custom namespaces for more information.

Some wikis may wish to organize their content in ways that do not fit into this standard set of namespaces. A wiki may define additional namespaces to facilitate this; these namespaces behave exactly like normal namespaces, and generally have indices greater than or equal to 100. These custom namespaces generally have no special properties.

Identifying namespacesEdit

There are a number of ways by which the namespace of a particular page can be identified:

Magic words

The magic word {{NAMESPACE}} returns the value of the namespace the page is in.

JavaScript

The JavaScript variable wgCanonicalNamespace contains the full namespace name. The variable wgNamespaceNumber contains the numerical index of the namespace.

CSS

The <body> tag of the HTML page output is given two CSS classes that vary by namespace: A class ns-#, where # is the index of the namespace, and ns-XXX, where XXX is "subject" for all subject namespaces, "special" for pages in the Special namespace, and "talk" for talk namespaces. So CSS code such as the following can be used to change the appearance of an object based on its namespace:

.ns-subject a 
{   /* Almost all links on subject pages to be green. */
    color: #00FF00;
}
.ns-talk a 
{      /* Links on talk pages to be blue. */
    color: #0000FF;
}
.ns-3 a 
{         /* and links on user talk pages to be red */
    color: #FF0000;
}
API

You can get a complete list of all the namespaces used on this wiki from the API:

http://www.mediawiki.org/w/api.php?action=query&meta=siteinfo&siprop=namespaces

See alsoEdit